16 Jul 2011

Horse Breeds Begi Tinker Horse/Vanner Horse Country of Origin: Ireland Intro These horses come from the mighty shire, the bulky clydesdale, the flashy friesianand the surefooted dales pony. Through the years these animals have been selectively bred for size, docile temperament and colors vibrant enough to match the gypsy caravans they pulled through England and Ireland. Origins Also called Gypsy Vanner, Tinker Horse, the Vanner is a relatively recent breed on paper, and their bloodlines have been carried through oral tradition from generation to generation of the families who bred them. Their name comes from the caravans they pull, and the personality and stature of the animal is attributed to being a solid (yet flashy) horse in harness. Features Average height 13-15 hands Heavy feathering make them appear to float when they move Feathering make them appear to float when they move Physique Short back Broad chest well-rounded hindquarters Large hooves with feathering Fine head on strong neck Long and flowing mane and tail Traditional Colors All colors are celebrated in this breed, generally they produce a pinto white pattern, however solid colors can be found. Temperament A mild temperament is one of the breed standards Intelligent, kind and docile Strong and athletic Social and eager for friendship Use Driving Show horses (both english and western) Pleasure horse Dressage horse Helpful Links * All links open in a new window Gypsy Vanner Horse Society Gypsy Cob and Drum Horse Association Gypsy Cob Society of America Gypsy Gold Vanner Central Where to Buy LexLin Gypsy Ranch Gypsy Drum Horses Autumn Gypsy Gypsy Horse Source Gypsy Vanner Ranch Gypsy Horses Gypsy Vanner Studs Gypsy MVP Gypsy Drum Horses Tokara Pony Country of Origin: Japan Intro Also called the Tokara Kyusu, Kagoshima, Kuyshu & Miyazki the Tokara pony comes from the Tokara Islands in Japan. Origins It is believed that the Kitaiga people brought 10 native ponies to Tokara from their island in 1897 to use for agriculture & transport. By 1943 the breed reached their highest numbers (100 head) but the second World War decimated their numbers. They were essentially first discovered, recorded & named in 1950 by Dr. Shigeyuki Hayashida. Features Average height 12 hands Tolfetano Horse Country of Origin: Italy Origins The Tolfetano Horse comes from the mountainous town in Tolfa in the north of the Rome province. Although it is known that their bloodlines are ancient their exact origins are a mystery, however they are thought to possess Berber blood. Over the years a hostile climate and lack of resources (not to mention hard work for the local people) have shaped this into an incredibly hardy horse. The breed was officially recognized in 1992 and the Tolfetano Horse Association was formed in 1994 by a group of enthusiasts who wanted a registry to track the remaining pure animals. Features Average height 14.3 – 16 hands Physique Head is well proportioned with a rams profile Neck is short & well attached Shoulder is short & slightly inclined Back is strong & may be dipped Chest is medium Legs are short with strong, dry joints Hooves are narrow & strong Traditional Colors chestnut | bay Temperament Courageous & independent Lively & intelligent Use Meat production Cow horse Riding horse Pack animals Military Tolfetano Horse Association Tori Horse Country of Origin: Estonia Origins Also called the Tory, Toric & the Toriiskaya, the Tori was developed at the at the Tori Stud in Estonia early in the 20th century as a utility horse using Klepper & European halfbred animals. Although breeding was controlled, by the 1930′s they required an infusion of Breton blood to eliminate signs of inbreeding. Additionally as a need for sport horses grew, Hanovarian & Trakehner blood was added, creating the Tori Sport horse. Today the two recognized types within the breed are the sporthorse type and the universal type. Features Average height 15 – 15.2 hands Physique Head is large Neck is medium in length & fleshy Back is long & flat Legs are strong & clean Traditional Colors chestnut | bay Use Riding Draft Show horse Helpful Links * all links open in a new window Tori Stud Estonian Animal Breeding Association Where to Buy Dundee Tori Horse Stud Video Trait Du Nord/Northern Ardennais Horse Country of Origin: France Intro A member of the Ardennes family, the Northern Ardennais or Ardennais du Nord was crossed with Belgian Draft for a more robust size & Boulonnais for elegance & a brighter step. Origins The breed originally comes from the French Hainaut which comes from the Belgian draft which was the foundation for modern draft breeds. Soon this breed flourished and became widely used until he animals were thought to be superior to the Belgian strains as they tended to be larger & stronger. Around the turn of the 20th century the Northern Ardennais became their own distinct breed called the Northern Draft Horse (which was later changed to Northern Ardennais in 1965). Features Average height 15.3 hands Physique Head is small and often with a dished profile Eyes are lively & bright Neck is medium in length & muscular Back is short, straight & well muscled Legs are bony & strong with abundant feathering on pasterns Hooves are wide & solid Traditional Colors chestnut | bay | roan Use Agriculture Draft work Meat production Trakehner Horse Country of Origin: Lithuania Intro The official name of the Trakehner is East Prussian Warmblood Horse of Trakehner Origin, and while today they are known as a German breed they actually originated in East Prussia in what is now known as Lithuania. Origins This breed comes from the Royal Scythians who inhabited the area during the 5th & 6th centuries BC and enjoyed great wealth during that time. Known for their great horsemanship skills, they were formidable mounted warriors and most owned at least one mount. They are thought to have come from a local Schweiken breed (now extinct) infused with various Turkmenian & Mongolian strains. In the early 18th century the King of Prussia selected the finest animals from his Royal breeding studs and in 1732 moved them to a new stud farm in Trakehen. The goal was to create a suitable cavalry mount and Arabian, Thoroughbred &Turkmenian bloodlines were carefully bred for the purpose. Upon the King’s death in 1787 the animals were moved to a state run stud which carefully defined breeding objectives of this now established type. Part of the goal was to improve local stock and during this time Lithuanian, Thoroughbred,Mecklenburg, Danish & Turkish blood was added. The official studbook was established in 1878 & the new stud established even stricter breeding practices than the king had. This breed was a popular animal up until the early 20th century, when as with most breeds in this area, the second World War almost destroyed them & the Russians took many of the finest animals from the stud. The remaining few were left to flee Russian forces with the local people and made it to safety literally wounded, exhausted & nearly starved. However they proved their mettle as only the toughest survived this journey and lived to procreate. In the middle of the 20th century an attempt was made to bring the animals (now scattered across West Germany) back together and re-establish breeding programs. In 1947 the West German Association of Breeders & Friends of the Warmblood Horse of Trakehner Origin was formed and by 1950 the German government had recognized them and became involved in the cause. Today this breed is bred throughout Germany and their numbers are at a safe level. Incidentally a Trakehner stud was established in Russia after the second World War and they are still bred there today. In fact the Russian population has had less outside influence than most of the German lines. Features Average height 16 – 16.2 hands Physique Head is elegant & refined Eyes are large & expressive Neck is long & crested Back is straight & short Chest is deep Legs are muscular with broad, clean joints Hooves are solid Traditional Colors chestnut | grey | bay | black Temperament Intelligent & even-tempered Energetic & kind Use Riding horse Sport horse Light draft Eventing horse Show horse Helpful Links * all links open in a new window German Trakehner Association Trakehners International American Trakehner Association Canadian Trakehner Horse Society Trakehners UK Trakehners Australia Where to Buy Tannenwald Trakehner Bluewood Trakehners Cassel Rock Trakehners New Spring Farm Arabian Studs Rappenhof Sporthorse Happy Hour Godington Stud The Singing Stud Trakya Horse Country of Origin: Turkey Origins The Trakya Horse comes from Turkey and has been bred in the region of Trakya for at least a thousand years. They are the result of a cross between the Anadolu and native horses of Trakya, resulting in a pony similar to the Anadolu only slightly larger. Features Average height 13.3 – 14.1 hands Physique Head is medium in size Neck is short Chest is narrow Legs are solid & bony with coarse feathering Traditional Colors All common colors Use Riding horse Pack animal Transportation Three Blood/Hispano Arabe Horse Country of Origin: Spain Origins Also called The Hispano Arabe & the Spanish Anglo-Arabian, the Hispano is a cross between Arabian, Andalusian & English Thoroughbred bloodlines. These are three of the oldest and most prolific bloodlines on the planet which earned them the nickname of tres sangres (three blood). The Hispano is known for their keen courage and used to test potential bulls for the ring. Desired animals have Arabian features, Thoroughbred quality and Andalusiantemperament. Features Average height 14.3 – 16 hands Physique As this breed is a composite of three very strong genetics their physical characteristics will vary from animal to animal. Head is generally well shaped with a straight profile Eyes are large & expressive Ears are small & mobile Neck is medium in length & often arched Back is straight & short Chest is full & deep Legs are long but strong with solid joints Hooves are small & shapely Traditional Colors chestnut | grey | bay Temperament Spirited & intelligent Use Bullring Riding horse Show horse Eventing horse Local equestrian games Helpful Links * all links open in a new window Official American Registry for the Hispano-Arabe horse Where to Buy Angel Horse Farm Castanuelas Ranch Hispano Studs Bryndynfan Arabians & Hispanos Trocha Horse Country of Origin: Colombia Origins The Trote en Gallope, Trote y Galope horse is only about 60 years old and comes from Colombia. They are the result of crossing the Andalusian with the Colombian Criollo or Colombian Paso Fino. The resulting animal is both handsome and graceful. Features Average height 14 – 15 hands Physique Neck is short Legs are long & strong Traditional Colors All colors Temperament Energetic & athletic Intelligent & personable Use Riding horse Helpful Links * all links open in a new window American Trote & Trocha Association Where to Buy Celestina Farm Video Trottatore Italiano/Italian Trotter Country of Origin: Italy Intro Also called the Trottatore Italiano, the Italian Trotter is mainly used for trotting but can be known to excel in other equestrian sports as well. They are a result of an intense process of cross breeding. Origins The breed originates during the 19th century when trotting races came into popularity worldwide. The breeds used were English Thoroughbreds, American Trotters as well as Russian & Norman trotters. The resulting animals were strong and balanced and are considered among the best trotters in the world. Physique Head has a straight profile Ears are small & mobile Temperament Lively & can be nervous Use Racing Riding horse Video Trotteur Francais/French Trotter Country of Origin: France Intro Also called the Norman Trotter, the French Trotter’s genetics are perhaps the most closely tied to the Old Norman Horse of all the French breeds. Origins Breeding began early in the 19th century and developed from English Thoroughbred, Norfolk Trotter, Normandy & some Standardbred bloodlines. As interest in trotting continued to grow, so did the interest of breeding fast trotters. Breeding (& training) is generally done on smaller farms & by family breeders where selective breeding is taken seriously. Rigorous testing is required of animals allowed to be registered & bred, as these animals are literally bred to trot. Features Average height 15.1 – 16.2 hands Physique There are not standardized features for this breed but characteristics seem to persist. Head is handsome with a straight profile Breastbone is prominent Croup is long & wide Hindquarters are rather short Traditional Colors All solid colors Use Primarily racing Video Tuigpaard/Dutch Harness Horse Country of Origin: Netherlands Intro Also called Tuigpaard, the Dutch Harness is a type of KWPN, but a different branch that is dedicated to harness animals. This breed is distinctive among warmbloods for their high, flashy action. Origins These animals were originally used on farms for field work, and also as status symbols by the farmers on town visits. This pride in the animal has persisted in the Dutch communities and created excellent breeding conditions for this unique animal. As the onslaught of mechanization made farm horses a thing of the past, those same farmers took their love of the animal into the show ring. A select few of the farmers & breeders concentrated their efforts on perfecting a carriage type saddle horse. Features Average height 16.2 hands Physique Head is expressive and tends to be narrow & dry Neck is set high Shoulders are long & powerful Back is long Tail is high set Traditional Colors chestnut | grey | bay | black | roan | pinto | cream dilutions Temperament Good tempered & willing to work Use Riding horse Carriage horse Competition horse Helpful Links * all links open in a new window Dutch Harness Horse Registry American Dutch Harness Horse Association Where to Buy Windholme Farm Winsome Stables Pandemonium Farm Dutch Harness Horse Studs Approved ADHHA Stallions Reflection Farms Video Tunisian Pony/Mogod Pony Country of Origin: Tunisia Origins Also called the Tunisian, the Mogod Pony comes from the northernmost area of Tunisia and is thought to be a strain of the mighty Barb horse, refined and bred to suit the area over centuries. Sadly as machines began to replace animals in the 20th century their numbers began to dwindle. Features Average height 12.2 – 14.2 hands Physique Head is heavy but well set Eyes are expressive & alert Neck is short but graceful Chest is broad & deep Back is short Legs are strong and well Traditional Colors chestnut | grey | bay Temperament Intelligent & quick to learn Willing and easygoing Use Riding horse Harness Polo horse Turkoman Horse Country of Origin: Turkmenistan Origins Also called the Turk, Turkmene, Turkmen & Turkmenian, the ancient Turkoman breed is thought to be extinct in its pure form. Horses bred in Turkmenistan are still called by the same name, however the purest descendants of this ancient breed are the Barb, Akhal-Teke & Iomud. Of the three the Akhal-Teke (pictured above) breeding has been kept the purest and probably the closest to actual Turkoman blood. However, sources tell me that relatively pure Turkoman horses do still exist in small pockets in Iran. Although, the Akhal-Teke in Pakistan comes from the Turkoman they developed as lighter animals used by archers on the battlefield. The Turkoman breed was a more robust animal built for carrying heavily armed soldiers into battle – this build remains in the breed of today. Features Average height 15 – 16 hands Physique Head is well proportioned with a straight profile Neck is long & lean Back is long & straight Chest is deep Shoulder is long, muscular & sloping Legs are long & slender but very strong with broad joints Hooves are small & strong Traditional Colors chestnut | grey | bay | black Temperament Spirited & Intelligent Bold & honest Use Riding horse Racing Tushin Horse Country of Origin: Georgia Origins The Tushin breed comes from the eastern regions of Georgia and is a very rare saddle breed today. They are tough, hardy animals capable of covering long distances as easily as they handle cattle. This breed comes from ancient Georgian horses, but were strongly influenced by a number of eastern breeds. Features Average height 13.1 – 14 hands Physique Head is lean with a straight profile Neck is medium in length & low set Back is straight Chest is narrow & deep Shoulder is long & sloped Legs are lean (hind legs are often cow-hocked) Traditional Colors chestnut | grey | bay | black Sometimes pinto & appaloosa Temperament Calm & obedient Use Riding horse Cow horse Turingen Warmblood/Saxony Warmblood Horse Country of Origin: Germany Intro The Saxony Warmblood is a robust warmblood breed with a much heavier body type than the warmblood sporting horses of today. They are bred in the areas of Saxony & Thuringia, and although they are a heavy in type they are not to be confused with the Saxon-Turinga Coldblood. Origins Their bloodlines come from East Friesian & Oldenburg animals and they were bred large initially because they were primarily used for agriculture & transportation & artillery hauling. By the mid to late 20th century the numbers of Saxony Warmblood animals was almost 0 in favor of smaller, more agile sporting types. By 1971 their breeding ended altogether, mechanization of agriculture had rendered them unmarketable. However, the Saxony had some fans and in 1977 a breeding program began to keep their bloodlines alive. Luckily the program was successful and their numbers have grown howenning With T


Taishu Horse

Country of Origin: Japan

Origins

The Taishuh or Taishu horse comes from the Tsu (or Tsushima) Islands in western Japan and they are an ancient breed thought to date back to the 8th century. Although they are old, they are very rare and have been a protected breed since 1979.

Features

Average height 12.2 – 14.2 hands

Physique

Head is large and held horizontally
Legs are sturdy
Hooves are hard

Traditional Colors

All common colors

Temperament

Gentle & willing

Use

Riding horse
Light draft
Transportation
Pack animal

Takhi horse/Przewalski’s Horse

Country of Origin: Mongolia
Przewalski's Horse

Intro

Also called Equus Przewalskii, Asiatic Wild horse, Mongolian Wild Horse and Taki, the Przewalski’s Horse is the only known surviving species of wild equine on the planet since the extinction of the Tarpan. All other breeds of equine on the planet come from domesticated horse (yes, even the wild ones – at some point they were reintroduced to the wild.

Przewalski's Horse

Origins

There is controversy surrounding the origins of this breed, some think they are the ancestors to modern domestic horse, but others disagree. The Przewalski carries 66 chromosomes & domestic horse carries 64, their offspring fertile & carries 65 chromosomes which may indicate that they are a different species altogether.
These animals were first discovered early in the 15th century by a Bavarian who was traded east until he wound up with the Mongols. They were recorded again in the 18th century by a Scottish doctor sent to China. However the men responsible for their interesting name & their official discovery was a Russian explorer named Colonel Przewalski.
Sadly until very recently the Przewalski’s Horse was extinct in the wild, hunted into oblivion, but in 1992 several breeding groups combined their herds and released them in Mongolia. Initially they were penned in and guarded against predators with the intention of releasing them in a few years time.

Features

Average height 12 – 14 hands

Physique

Head is large & heavy with a straight profile
Eyes are large & heavy
Eyes are small
Neck is broad & short with a short, upright mane
Back is straight & long
Chest is deep
Shoulder is straight & short
Legs are short & sturdy
Hooves are narrow & elongated
Tail has a tuft at the end

Traditional Colors

Dun with primitive markings

Temperament

Spirited & for the most part ‘untamable’ (similar to zebras)
Przewalski's Horse

Helpful Links

Video


Tarbais/ French Anglo-Arab

Country of Origin: France

Intro

The Anglo-Arab is a carefully controlled cross between Arabian & Thoroughbredbloodlines and they are bred in many different countries worldwide. The French, however have become particularly adept at crossing these two breeds to the point that French animals are almost considered their own distinct breed.

Origins

The French line is traced back to two stallions, the Arabian Massoud and the Turk Aslam. Both of them were imported from Syria and they were crossed with imported English Thoroughbred mares. Three fillies came from these unions and they became the foundation stock of France’s breeding program. Incidentally, all of France’s stock breeding programs are governed by a national organization, encouraging ethical & sound practices.
Anglo-Arabs have been an important element of horse breeding in France since the 17th century when they were used in the royal stables. Napoleon choose to use them as calvary mounts for his campaigns & later they became popular riding mounts.
Today the original French Anglo-Arabs have been largely absorbed into the popularSelle Français sporting breed, however a small pocket of breeders continue the pure French Anglo-Arab breeding traditions. Perhaps the French’s success in this cross is because they tend to breed Anglo-Arab to Anglo-Arab rather than Arabianto Thoroughbred.

Features

Average height 15 – 16 hands

Physique

Head is intelligent with a straight profile
Eyes are large & expressive
Neck is long
Body is sturdy with a deep Thoroughbred chest
Legs are strong & sound
Feet are well formed

Traditional Colors

All colors

Temperament

Brave & true
Willing and intelligent

Use

Show horse
Eventing animal
Racing
Riding horse
Improving other breeds

Video



Tarpan


Country of Origin: Russia
Extinct Tarpan
Tarpan Horse
New Tarpan Breed
Tarpan Horse

Intro

The true wild Tarpan comes from Russia and is actually an extinct species, the last two on the planet died within a decade of each other in the late 19th century. Today’s version of the Tarpan, also called the Heck Horse is a genetic recreation of the old breed.

Tarpan Horse

Origins

Essentially the Tarpan is one of the few wild equine that existed during prehistoric times & they are thought to be the ancestors of most modern breeds that come from the Russian Steppes. Originally they were found throughout eastern Europe & western Russia and became the foundation stock for many civilizations along the eastern Mediterranean.
For thousands of years this breed was a mainstay in many cultures & their blood is a part of a wide variety of modern breeds. They were hunted to extinction in a similar manner as the modern Mustang is today in the western US. Land was needed for farmers & wild herds used up precious resources, they were also hunted as a source of meat.
Once the Tarpan was gone, the Polish Government decided they needed to do something about it and they began collecting animals that resembled the breed. Many of them were Konik horses which are closely related cousins of the Tarpan. They used selective breeding practices to recreate the breed’s genetics as closely as possible.
The Heck brothers who were zoologists & directors of the Munich Zoo, also took on the project & were able to somewhat faithfully recreate the breed as well.
In the end, it is impossible to re-create an species that goes extinct, but the efforts of both teams was admirable. It is acknowledged that the Tarpan of today is not a pure descendant and those that were created by the Heck brothers are often called Heck Horses to differentiate (and pay homage to two brothers who wanted to bring the Tarpan back).
Today most of the new Tarpans are owned by private enthusiasts or zoos.

Features

Average height 13 – 13.2 hands

Physique

Head is long and broad with a straight or convex profile
Ears are long, pointed and fall slightly sideways
Eyes are small & round
Neck is thick & short
Back is long & straight
Shoulder is sloped and long
Les are long & slender, but strong with broad joints

Traditional Colors

Always a shade of dun with primitive markings.

Temperament

Calm, friendly & curious
Independent & stubborn
Intelligent & headstrong
Tarpan Horse

Use

Riding horse
Light draft

Helpful Links

* all links open in a new window
The Extinction Website

Video


Tavda Horse


Country of Origin: Russia

Intro

Also called the Tavdinka & Tavdinskaya the Tavda is a forest type draft breed that comes from northern Russia & is considered a rather natural breed as their development has had very little human intervention.

Origins

They are native to northeast Sverdlovsk, western Tjumen regions and the Tavda & Tura River valleys & natural selection has created an incredibly tough, robust animal. This breed is capable of dealing with harsh conditions and minimal forage & can manage difficult work in bitter cold or deep mud.
In recent times the smaller stature of the Tavda made them unsuitable for heavier draft work and an attempt was made to improve the breed by adding Ardennes & trotter animals.

Features

Average height 13.3 – 14.2 hands

Physique

Chest is wide
Legs are clean & strong
Hooves are hard

Traditional Colors

chestnut | bay | dun | buckskin

Use

Draft
Riding horse
Transportation

Tawleed Horse

Country of Origin: Sudan
Tawleed Horse

Origins

The Tawleed is a riding horse that was developed in the Khartoum region of Sudan, they were created by breeding Sudan Country-Bred horses with Thoroughbreds & other exotic breeds.

Use

Riding horse

Tchenarani Horse

Country of Origin: Iran

Origins

The Tchenarani horse is thought to date back 2000 years & was developed in Iran by crossing Persian Arabians & Turkomans. This is an incredibly rare breed & the few pure animals remain in Iran.

Features

Average height 15 hands

Traditional Colors

All solid colors

Temperament

Lively but kind

Use

Riding horse
Military
Racing
Show horse

Tennessee Walking Horse

Country of Origin: USA

Intro

Known for their distinctive gait, the Tennessee Walking horse plays an important part in the history of American gaited horses. Their bloodlines were influenced by the plantation economy and needs in the southern part of the U.S. during the early to mid 20th century.

Origins

Recognized as a an official breed in 1947, the Tennessee Walker is a newer North American breed.
Mid 19th century settlers in the states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Missouri needed horses to compliment their southern plantation lifestyle. They required endurance and the ability to withstand long hours under saddle from their mounts.
The bloodlines of the Tennessee Walker contain Narragensett PacerThoroughbred,StandardbredMorgan and Saddlebred blood.
The Tennessee Walker of today is larger in structure than its cousin theSaddlebred, and predominately used as for show and pleasure.

Features

Average height 15-16 hands
Smooth, flowing gait
Free flowing movement
When in action, head bobs with body movement

Physique

Large, plain head
Clean, hard legs
Hooves grown long and shod with weighted shoes to encourage movement
Powerful hind legs

Traditional Colors

Temperament

Kind and understanding
Tennessee Walking Horse
Image from Just chaos

Use

Pleasure / trail horse
Show horse

Helpful Links

Where to Buy

Tennessee Walking Horse Studs

Tennuvian Horse

Country of Origin: USA

Origins

The Tennuvian horse comes from a cross between Tennessee Walking Horses andPeruvian Pasos. Although there is a strong chance these two breeds have been crossed before, the Tennuvian name was officially coined by Paula Bosner of Colorado.

Paule purchased one of these crosses and immediately fell in love with the animal, so much so that she sold off her quarter horses and bought a Peruvian stallion for breeding. The registry was founded in 1991 & it accepts a variety of Walker/ Paso crosses.

Features

Average height 14.2 – 16 hands

Physique

Head is wedge-shaped, dished and refined
Small muzzle with large nostrils
Big expressive eyes
Short curved ears
Neck is arched with a refined, clean throatlatch
Body is compact with short back
Tail is high set

Traditional Colors

All colors

Temperament

Calm & willing

Use

Riding horses
Work horse

Tersk Horse

Country of Origin: Russia
Tersk Horse

Intro

Also called the Tersky & Terskaya the Tersk is a relatively new breed developed in Russia in the early 20th century.

Origins

Created in the northern Caucasus by a team of horse breeders & vets, the foundation stock included Stretlets, Tsilindr, Tsenitel, Arabian & Arabian-Don crosses. The idea was to breed a robust Arabian type riding horse that was better suited to local conditions. There are 3 recognized types within the breed, basic (or regional), eastern & heavy.

Features

Average height 14.3 – 15.1 hands

Physique

Head is light with a straight profile
Neck is medium in length
Back is flat & wide
Chest is deep & wide
Shoulders are long & sloped
Legs are well set

Traditional Colors

chestnut | grey | bay

Temperament

Energetic yet kind
Easy to train

Use

Riding horse
Endurance mount
Show horse
Eventing horse

Thai Pony

Country of Origin: Thailand
Thai Pony

Origins

The Thai Pony or Thai Country Bred is a native horse of Thailand and while they are thought to come from Mongolian stock, their origins are a mystery. These animals have been used by the local people for transporting tea leaves & fruit from mountainous areas for many years. Due to their isolation they have developed without the influence of outside breeds for the most part, although more recently an attempt to improve them has introduced the blood of some Australian, New Zealand & English pony stock.

Features

Average height 12 – 12.2 hands

Traditional Colors

Generally bay

Use

Riding horse
Pack animal
Military

Tessalian/Pindos Pony

Country of Origin: Greece
Pindos Pony

Intro

The Pindos or Thessalonian Pony is a mountainous Pony breed that comes from mountainous regions of Thessaly & Epirus in Greece.

Origins

As with most of the Greek breeds, the Pindos is hardy, surefooted and able to live on meager rations. This is an ancient breed whose origins are still a mystery, however they possess some clear Asian lineage.

Features

Average height 11.2 – 12.2 hands

Physique

Head is heavy but well shaped
Neck is lean
Back is short & strong
Legs are fine but strong
Hooves are narrow & hard

Traditional Colors

black | grey | bay
Pindos Pony

Use

Transportation
Pack animal
Riding pony
Breeding mules

Thoroughbred Horse


Country of Origin: England
Thoroughbred Horse
Image from Goki

Intro

Predominately known for their racehorse lineage the Thoroughbred is a symbol of speed and stamina and it’s bloodlines are the single greatest influence on the world’s horse population.
Thoroughbred Horse
Image from Just chaos

Origins

Originating in England in the 17th and 18th centuries the breed was given life during the rule of Henry VIII, who was the first royal patron of horse racing.
Henry imported Spanish horses of Barb influence to enhance the local running stock.
It has been established that 84% of Thoroughbred genes come from 31 original ancestors. The three main sires being The Byerley Turk, The Darley Arabian and The Godolphin Arabian.
Since the 1770′s more and more Arabian blood as been introduced to refine the Thoroughbred line.

Features

Average height 15.2 hands
Fast and active
Brave and built for endurance
Low, flat movement

Physique

Alert, refined head
Long and graceful neck
Long, sloped shoulders
Long, lean body
Strong hindquarters
Legs are fine and long with well-formed joints

Traditional Colors

Solid colors

Temperament

Bold
Brave
Spirited
Thoroughbred Horse
Image from TheBluZebra

Use

Racing
Show horse
Competition horse
Pleasure / trail horse

Helpful Links

Where to Buy

Thoroughbred Studs

Video



Tibetan Pony

Country of Origin: Tibet
Tibetan Pony

Intro

The Tibetan Pony comes from the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and are thought to date back 4000 years. This breed is very special to the local people who developed native stock to suit local needs.

Origins

This breed has been bred pure for thousands of years and were often sent as gifts to Chinese emperors – although stock was rarely brought back to the plateau. Although more recently attempts have been made to improve the breed, however they are specifically adapted high altitude areas and crosses were unsuccessful.
Although they are ancient this breed wasn’t officially recognized until 1980. Today there are several types found within the breed.
Ganzhi Mountain Type - the direct line of original mountain stock
Yushu Plateau Type - found in the Naqu district
Zhongdian Valley Type - harmonious confirmation

Features

Average height 12 – 12.2 hands

Physique

Head is small with a straight profile
Body is compact & muscular
Legs are short & bony

Traditional Colors

grey | bay
Tibetan Pony

Use

Riding horse
Pack animal

Tiger Horse

Country of Origin: China
Indian Summer

Intro

The Tiger Horse breed was established in 1992 and based on the spotted horses of the Iberian peninsula, the name Tiger used to describe their lovely spotted coats.

Origins

All animals with leopard spotting patterns come from the same ancient Chinese ancestors who made their way to western Europe through the years. The Tiger Horse of ancient Iberia shared the smooth gaits, brilliant colored coats & bloodlines with the Spanish Jennet. These animals were well liked for colonization of the new world and by the mid 16th century breeding centers were established in both south & central America.
The native people in the Americas immediately took a liking to the spotted coats and hardiness of the Tiger horses and they quickly spread and were developed by a number of tribes including the Nez Perce who have become famous for their spotted ponies.
In 1938 a registry was established for spotted animals and breeding programs were established to preserve their coloration. Unfortunately ArabianThoroughbredQuarter Horses were used – all of which bear dominant genetics that effectively wiped out many of the Tiger characteristics. Luckily small pockets of original bloodlines remained – mainly in the Pacific northwest of the US and in Canada.
In 1991 some genetic research was carried out on gaited appaloosas & by 1994 the Tiger Horse Association was formed to preserve these animals and an attempt has been made to re-create original bloodlines.

Features

Average height 14.2 – 15.2 hands

Physique

Head is lean with straight or slightly convex profile
Ears are mobile & curved
Eyes are large with white sclera
Neck is set high, medium in length & well arched
Shoulder is sloping
Back is short & strong
Legs are sturdy with broad joints
Hooves are well shaped

Traditional Colors

Temperament

Affectionate & gentle
Sensible & intelligent

Use

Riding horse
Show horse
Cow horse

Helpful Links

* all links open in a new window
Tiger Horse Association
Tiger Horse Registry

Where to Buy

Tiger Horse Studs

Video


Timor Pony

Country of Origin: Indonesia
Timor Pony

Intro

The Timor Pony is the smallest of the Indonesian pony breeds and comes from the island of Timor. They are known for their agility and while they are small in stature, they are incredibly strong & often used as cattle horses.

Origins

This breed was among the first horses taken to Australia and contributed to the Whaler & the Australian Pony. They also made their way to South Africa where their bloodlines helped to create the Basuto & the Cape Horse.

Features

Average height 10 – 12 hands

Physique

Head is small with a straight profile
Neck is short & muscular
Back is short & strong
Chest is deep
Legs are sturdy with good joints
Feet are shapely & hard

Traditional Colors

All common colors

Temperament

Lively yet obedient
Timor Pony

Use

Riding horse
Light draft
Cow pony

Tinker Horse/Vanner Horse


Country of Origin: Ireland

Intro

These horses come from the mighty shire, the bulky clydesdale, the flashy friesianand the surefooted dales pony. Through the years these animals have been selectively bred for size, docile temperament and colors vibrant enough to match the gypsy caravans they pulled through England and Ireland.

Gypsy Vanner Horse

Origins

Also called Gypsy Vanner, Tinker Horse, the Vanner is a relatively recent breed on paper, and their bloodlines have been carried through oral tradition from generation to generation of the families who bred them.
Their name comes from the caravans they pull, and the personality and stature of the animal is attributed to being a solid (yet flashy) horse in harness.

Features

Average height 13-15 hands
Heavy feathering make them appear to float when they move
Feathering make them appear to float when they move

Physique

Short back
Broad chest
well-rounded hindquarters
Large hooves with feathering
Fine head on strong neck
Long and flowing mane and tail

Traditional Colors

All colors are celebrated in this breed, generally they produce a pinto white pattern, however solid colors can be found.

Temperament

A mild temperament is one of the breed standards
Intelligent, kind and docile
Strong and athletic
Social and eager for friendship
Gypsy Vanner Horse

Use

Driving
Show horses (both english and western)
Pleasure horse
Dressage horse

Helpful Links

Where to Buy

Gypsy Vanner Studs

Tokara Pony

Country of Origin: Japan
Tokara Pony

Intro

Also called the Tokara Kyusu, Kagoshima, Kuyshu & Miyazki the Tokara pony comes from the Tokara Islands in Japan.

Tokara Pony

Origins

It is believed that the Kitaiga people brought 10 native ponies to Tokara from their island in 1897 to use for agriculture & transport. By 1943 the breed reached their highest numbers (100 head) but the second World War decimated their numbers.
They were essentially first discovered, recorded & named in 1950 by Dr. Shigeyuki Hayashida.

Features

Average height 12 hands

Tolfetano Horse

Country of Origin: Italy

Origins

The Tolfetano Horse comes from the mountainous town in Tolfa in the north of the Rome province. Although it is known that their bloodlines are ancient their exact origins are a mystery, however they are thought to possess Berber blood. Over the years a hostile climate and lack of resources (not to mention hard work for the local people) have shaped this into an incredibly hardy horse.

The breed was officially recognized in 1992 and the Tolfetano Horse Association was formed in 1994 by a group of enthusiasts who wanted a registry to track the remaining pure animals.

Features

Average height 14.3 – 16 hands

Physique

Head is well proportioned with a rams profile
Neck is short & well attached
Shoulder is short & slightly inclined
Back is strong & may be dipped
Chest is medium
Legs are short with strong, dry joints
Hooves are narrow & strong

Traditional Colors

Temperament

Courageous & independent
Lively & intelligent

Use

Meat production
Cow horse
Riding horse
Pack animals
Military

Tori Horse

Country of Origin: Estonia
Tori Horse

Origins

Also called the Tory, Toric & the Toriiskaya, the Tori was developed at the at the Tori Stud in Estonia early in the 20th century as a utility horse using Klepper & European halfbred animals. Although breeding was controlled, by the 1930′s they required an infusion of Breton blood to eliminate signs of inbreeding. Additionally as a need for sport horses grew, Hanovarian & Trakehner blood was added, creating the Tori Sport horse. Today the two recognized types within the breed are the sporthorse type and the universal type.

Tori Horse

Features

Average height 15 – 15.2 hands

Physique

Head is large
Neck is medium in length & fleshy
Back is long & flat
Legs are strong & clean

Traditional Colors

Use

Riding
Draft
Show horse

Helpful Links

* all links open in a new window
Tori Stud
Estonian Animal Breeding Association

Where to Buy

Video


Trait Du Nord/Northern Ardennais Horse

Country of Origin: France

Intro

A member of the Ardennes family, the Northern Ardennais or Ardennais du Nord was crossed with Belgian Draft for a more robust size & Boulonnais for elegance & a brighter step.

Origins

The breed originally comes from the French Hainaut which comes from the Belgian draft which was the foundation for modern draft breeds. Soon this breed flourished and became widely used until he animals were thought to be superior to the Belgian strains as they tended to be larger & stronger.
Around the turn of the 20th century the Northern Ardennais became their own distinct breed called the Northern Draft Horse (which was later changed to Northern Ardennais in 1965).

Features

Average height 15.3 hands

Physique

Head is small and often with a dished profile
Eyes are lively & bright
Neck is medium in length & muscular
Back is short, straight & well muscled
Legs are bony & strong with abundant feathering on pasterns
Hooves are wide & solid

Traditional Colors

chestnut | bay | roan

Use

Agriculture
Draft work
Meat production

Trakehner Horse

Country of Origin: Lithuania
Trakehner Horse

Intro

The official name of the Trakehner is East Prussian Warmblood Horse of Trakehner Origin, and while today they are known as a German breed they actually originated in East Prussia in what is now known as Lithuania.

Trakehner Horse

Origins

This breed comes from the Royal Scythians who inhabited the area during the 5th & 6th centuries BC and enjoyed great wealth during that time. Known for their great horsemanship skills, they were formidable mounted warriors and most owned at least one mount. They are thought to have come from a local Schweiken breed (now extinct) infused with various Turkmenian & Mongolian strains.
In the early 18th century the King of Prussia selected the finest animals from his Royal breeding studs and in 1732 moved them to a new stud farm in Trakehen. The goal was to create a suitable cavalry mount and ArabianThoroughbred &Turkmenian bloodlines were carefully bred for the purpose.
Upon the King’s death in 1787 the animals were moved to a state run stud which carefully defined breeding objectives of this now established type. Part of the goal was to improve local stock and during this time LithuanianThoroughbred,Mecklenburg, Danish & Turkish blood was added. The official studbook was established in 1878 & the new stud established even stricter breeding practices than the king had.
This breed was a popular animal up until the early 20th century, when as with most breeds in this area, the second World War almost destroyed them & the Russians took many of the finest animals from the stud. The remaining few were left to flee Russian forces with the local people and made it to safety literally wounded, exhausted & nearly starved. However they proved their mettle as only the toughest survived this journey and lived to procreate.
In the middle of the 20th century an attempt was made to bring the animals (now scattered across West Germany) back together and re-establish breeding programs. In 1947 the West German Association of Breeders & Friends of the Warmblood Horse of Trakehner Origin was formed and by 1950 the German government had recognized them and became involved in the cause.
Today this breed is bred throughout Germany and their numbers are at a safe level. Incidentally a Trakehner stud was established in Russia after the second World War and they are still bred there today. In fact the Russian population has had less outside influence than most of the German lines.

Features

Average height 16 – 16.2 hands

Physique

Head is elegant & refined
Eyes are large & expressive
Neck is long & crested
Back is straight & short
Chest is deep
Legs are muscular with broad, clean joints
Hooves are solid

Traditional Colors

chestnut | grey | bay | black

Temperament

Intelligent & even-tempered
Energetic & kind
Trakehner Horse

Use

Riding horse
Sport horse
Light draft
Eventing horse
Show horse

Helpful Links

Where to Buy

Arabian Studs

Trakya Horse

Country of Origin: Turkey

Origins

The Trakya Horse comes from Turkey and has been bred in the region of Trakya for at least a thousand years. They are the result of a cross between the Anadolu and native horses of Trakya, resulting in a pony similar to the Anadolu only slightly larger.

Features

Average height 13.3 – 14.1 hands

Physique

Head is medium in size
Neck is short
Chest is narrow
Legs are solid & bony with coarse feathering

Traditional Colors

All common colors

Use

Riding horse
Pack animal
Transportation

 Three Blood/Hispano Arabe Horse

Country of Origin: Spain

Origins

Also called The Hispano Arabe & the Spanish Anglo-Arabian, the Hispano is a cross between ArabianAndalusian & English Thoroughbred bloodlines. These are three of the oldest and most prolific bloodlines on the planet which earned them the nickname of tres sangres (three blood).

The Hispano is known for their keen courage and used to test potential bulls for the ring. Desired animals have Arabian features, Thoroughbred quality and Andalusiantemperament.

Features

Average height 14.3 – 16 hands

Physique

As this breed is a composite of three very strong genetics their physical characteristics will vary from animal to animal.
Head is generally well shaped with a straight profile
Eyes are large & expressive
Ears are small & mobile
Neck is medium in length & often arched
Back is straight & short
Chest is full & deep
Legs are long but strong with solid joints
Hooves are small & shapely

Traditional Colors

chestnut | grey | bay

Temperament

Spirited & intelligent

Use

Bullring
Riding horse
Show horse
Eventing horse
Local equestrian games

Helpful Links

Where to Buy

Hispano Studs

Trocha Horse

Country of Origin: Colombia

Origins

The Trote en Gallope, Trote y Galope horse is only about 60 years old and comes from Colombia. They are the result of crossing the Andalusian with the Colombian Criollo or Colombian Paso Fino. The resulting animal is both handsome and graceful.

Features

Average height 14 – 15 hands

Physique

Neck is short
Legs are long & strong

Traditional Colors

All colors

Temperament

Energetic & athletic
Intelligent & personable

Use

Riding horse

Helpful Links

* all links open in a new window
American Trote & Trocha Association

Where to Buy

Video


Trottatore Italiano/Italian Trotter

Country of Origin: Italy
Italian Trotter Horse

Intro

Also called the Trottatore Italiano, the Italian Trotter is mainly used for trotting but can be known to excel in other equestrian sports as well. They are a result of an intense process of cross breeding.

Origins

The breed originates during the 19th century when trotting races came into popularity worldwide. The breeds used were English ThoroughbredsAmerican Trotters as well as Russian & Norman trotters. The resulting animals were strong and balanced and are considered among the best trotters in the world.

Physique

Head has a straight profile
Ears are small & mobile

Temperament

Lively & can be nervous

Use

Racing
Riding horse

Video


Trotteur Francais/French Trotter


Country of Origin: France
French Trotter

Intro

Also called the Norman Trotter, the French Trotter’s genetics are perhaps the most closely tied to the Old Norman Horse of all the French breeds.

Origins

Breeding began early in the 19th century and developed from English ThoroughbredNorfolk Trotter, Normandy & some Standardbred bloodlines. As interest in trotting continued to grow, so did the interest of breeding fast trotters.
Breeding (& training) is generally done on smaller farms & by family breeders where selective breeding is taken seriously. Rigorous testing is required of animals allowed to be registered & bred, as these animals are literally bred to trot.

Features

Average height 15.1 – 16.2 hands

Physique

There are not standardized features for this breed but characteristics seem to persist.
Head is handsome with a straight profile
Breastbone is prominent
Croup is long & wide
Hindquarters are rather short

Traditional Colors

All solid colors

Use

Primarily racing

Video


Tuigpaard/Dutch Harness Horse

Country of Origin: Netherlands
Dutch Harness Horse

Intro

Also called Tuigpaard, the Dutch Harness is a type of KWPN, but a different branch that is dedicated to harness animals. This breed is distinctive among warmbloods for their high, flashy action.

Origins

These animals were originally used on farms for field work, and also as status symbols by the farmers on town visits. This pride in the animal has persisted in the Dutch communities and created excellent breeding conditions for this unique animal.
As the onslaught of mechanization made farm horses a thing of the past, those same farmers took their love of the animal into the show ring. A select few of the farmers & breeders concentrated their efforts on perfecting a carriage type saddle horse.

Features

Average height 16.2 hands

Physique

Head is expressive and tends to be narrow & dry
Neck is set high
Shoulders are long & powerful
Back is long
Tail is high set

Traditional Colors

chestnut | grey | bay | black | roan | pinto | cream dilutions

Temperament

Good tempered & willing to work

Use

Riding horse
Carriage horse
Competition horse

Helpful Links

Where to Buy

Dutch Harness Horse Studs

Video


Tunisian Pony/Mogod Pony

Country of Origin: Tunisia
Mogod Pony

Origins

Also called the Tunisian, the Mogod Pony comes from the northernmost area of Tunisia and is thought to be a strain of the mighty Barb horse, refined and bred to suit the area over centuries. Sadly as machines began to replace animals in the 20th century their numbers began to dwindle.

Features

Average height 12.2 – 14.2 hands

Physique

Head is heavy but well set
Eyes are expressive & alert
Neck is short but graceful
Chest is broad & deep
Back is short
Legs are strong and well

Traditional Colors

chestnut | grey | bay

Temperament

Intelligent & quick to learn
Willing and easygoing

Use

Riding horse
Harness
Polo horse

Turkoman Horse

Country of Origin: Turkmenistan
Turkoman Horse

Origins

Also called the Turk, Turkmene, Turkmen & Turkmenian, the ancient Turkoman breed is thought to be extinct in its pure form. Horses bred in Turkmenistan are still called by the same name, however the purest descendants of this ancient breed are the BarbAkhal-Teke & Iomud. Of the three the Akhal-Teke (pictured above) breeding has been kept the purest and probably the closest to actual Turkoman blood.
However, sources tell me that relatively pure Turkoman horses do still exist in small pockets in Iran. Although, the Akhal-Teke in Pakistan comes from the Turkoman they developed as lighter animals used by archers on the battlefield. The Turkoman breed was a more robust animal built for carrying heavily armed soldiers into battle – this build remains in the breed of today.

Features

Average height 15 – 16 hands

Physique

Head is well proportioned with a straight profile
Neck is long & lean
Back is long & straight
Chest is deep
Shoulder is long, muscular & sloping
Legs are long & slender but very strong with broad joints
Hooves are small & strong

Traditional Colors

chestnut | grey | bay | black

Temperament

Spirited & Intelligent
Bold & honest

Use

Riding horse
Racing

Tushin Horse

Country of Origin: Georgia

Origins

The Tushin breed comes from the eastern regions of Georgia and is a very rare saddle breed today. They are tough, hardy animals capable of covering long distances as easily as they handle cattle.

This breed comes from ancient Georgian horses, but were strongly influenced by a number of eastern breeds.

Features

Average height 13.1 – 14 hands

Physique

Head is lean with a straight profile
Neck is medium in length & low set
Back is straight
Chest is narrow & deep
Shoulder is long & sloped
Legs are lean (hind legs are often cow-hocked)

Traditional Colors

chestnut | grey | bay | black
Sometimes pinto & appaloosa

Temperament

Calm & obedient

Use

Riding horse
Cow horse

Turingen Warmblood/Saxony Warmblood 

Horse

Country of Origin: Germany

Intro

The Saxony Warmblood is a robust warmblood breed with a much heavier body type than the warmblood sporting horses of today. They are bred in the areas of Saxony & Thuringia, and although they are a heavy in type they are not to be confused with the Saxon-Turinga Coldblood.

Origins

Their bloodlines come from East Friesian & Oldenburg animals and they were bred large initially because they were primarily used for agriculture & transportation & artillery hauling.
By the mid to late 20th century the numbers of Saxony Warmblood animals was almost 0 in favor of smaller, more agile sporting types. By 1971 their breeding ended altogether, mechanization of agriculture had rendered them unmarketable. However, the Saxony had some fans and in 1977 a breeding program began to keep their bloodlines alive. Luckily the program was successful and their numbers have grown however the breed is still in danger.

Features

Average height 16 – 16.3 hands

Physique

Head is expressive
Neck is medium and well muscled
Shoulder is plain and long

Traditional Colors

chestnut | grey | bay | black

Use

Riding horse
Carriage horse
Military

Tuva Horse

Country of Origin: Russia
Tuva Horse

Intro

The Tuva or Tuvinskaya comes from Tuva which is a large country located in Siberia. The climate in Tuva varies considerably, but horse breeding is practiced in all of it’s districts & the breed is highly adaptable.

Origins

Horses have been bred in Tuva since ancient times and were once very small animals. While a few of the smaller type remain today, most of them were developed into a larger type by the addition of Don or Thoroughbred blood. In one region the horses are bred larger still, reminiscent of heavy trotters.
For many years the smaller strains were more popular, but by the start of the 20th century the need for a stronger, more robust animal arose and large private stud farms were established to meet the need. By 1951 a breed standard had been established and they were officially named the Tuva Harness Horse. Sadly by 1957 a decline in demand saw the stud farm closed.

Features

Average height 12.3 – 13.2 hands
Tuva Horse

Use

Draft
Harness
Riding horse
Transportation

Tyrol Pesante Rapido/Italian Heavy Draft Horse

Country of Origin: Italy
Italian Heavy Draft Horse
Image from Annalisa_Parisi

Intro

Also called the Italian Working Horse, the Rapid Heavy Draft & the Cavallo Agricolo Italiano da Tiro Pesante Rapido, the Italian Heavy Draft is a man made breed created to fulfill both needs of war and agricultural demands.

Italian Heavy Draft Horse
Image from Annalisa_Parisi

Origins

The breed dates back to 1860 when the horse production branch of the Department of War began crossbreeding Breton stallions to mares of the northeastern Italian plains. The mares were of varied stock and included HackneyBelgian Draft &Breton origin. Through continuous cross breeding of those same lines the Italian Heavy Draft came about with their own distinguishing characteristics.
In 1926 a stud book was formed and until the mid-20th century the Italian Draft was a popular breed as they were not just powerful, but fast as well. Towards the end of the 20th century the need for a heavy draft had all but died out and their numbers declined sharply.
In the 1970′s a program was put into place to improve the breed for meat production which is what they are primarily raised for today.

Features

Average height 15 – 16 hands

Physique

Head is long but shapely with a straight or slightly convex profile
Eyes are large & lively
Ears are small
Neck is short & muscular
Back is short & straight
Chest is broad, muscular & deep
Shoulder is long & well sloped
Legs are short with broad, strong joints & some feathering
Feet are straight & boxy

Traditional Colors

Liver chestnut with flaxen mane & tail | roan | bay

Temperament

Amiable & easy to work with
Italian Heavy Draft Horse

Use

Meat production
Agriculture
Creation of heavy draft mules
Improving meat production value in other breeds

Video





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