It all began in 1689 when the British decided to import from the Middle East and Africa a few horses, they were Byerley Turk, Darley Arabian and Godolphin Barb. When they reached the English lands were crossed with mares of the region and gave birth to animals of great speed and endurance. A sport traditionally British arrived in Brazil in mid-nineteenth century. Initially the owners of the animals trained and ran themselves. This over time has been changing and now the owners focus their attention on creating the fastest animal in the world and leave the mount for professionals called Jockeys.
The Horse Racing is split into different categories where each method focuses on a specialty in common, both animal and rider. What owner, both in the seventeenth century as today's prize are speed and balance, the temperament of the animal always ended in the background. But that's changing today. The types of races ranging from horses or hitching. That is, the horse can be mounted by the jockey or linked to a carriage, for example. They occur in a straight line paths or tracks with special oval or triangular. The owners invest in training both the animal and the mount and in return receive a percentage of the profits from the visitors and gamblers races. To mount a horse race you must have certain peculiarities. A jockey, for example, weighing 48 kg at the most and have a height of 1.50 m recommended. The fitness gonna ride that has to be as good as the animal that will be your partner in racing. The timing of events varies from country to country. And each presentation there is a ritual where riders ride the animal in front of spectators and make a procession headed to the starting line, where the gate of each pen is closed and awaiting the starting signal. The pathways vary depending on each competition. The minimum distance is 400 meters, and the Grand Prix, arrive at 4000 meters. In Brazil there are four main Jockeys Clubs: the Brazilian Jockey Club, which sits at the Hippodrome Gavea in Rio de Janeiro, the Sao Paulo Jockey Club Racecourse in Garden City in Sao Paulo, the Jockey Club of Parana in Curitiba Hippodrome Tarumã and the Jockey Club of Rio Grande do Sul in the Hippodrome of Cristal in Porto Alegre. In addition to other bodies scattered throughout the country.