11 Nov 2010

Altwurttemberg, Alter Real, Altai, Albanian Horse, Akhal-Teke, Aegidienberger, Oromo, Abtenauer, Abstang and Abaco Barb

Altwurttemberg

Altwurttemberg Horse

Intro

One of the littler known breeds, the Altwurttemberg is considered extremely endangered and is a rare sight outside (even inside of) Germany.

Origins

This breed originated in Germany by the Wurttemberg Prince House, but without an obligatory breed goal. About thirty horses from Normandy were used between 1872 -1888, crossing with English Thorough-breds, Holsteins and Oldenburgs.
Eventually the Altwurttemberg horse was established, a strong and beautiful individual breed. But unfortunately, the type was not greatly appreciated or needed, so instead the Wurttemberg Sport Horse was developed, and was highly prized for a time.
After 1950 the Altwurttemberg was threatened with extinction, however by 1988 in Marbach, Germany, inititives were made to preserve the breed. They exist in limited numbers today.

Alter Real

Alter Real Horse
Intro
The Alter Real breed comes from Alter do Chao a small town in the Alentejo province of Portugal, which is where the flagship stud is located. Real is the word for ‘royal’ in Portuguese, this breed is the royal breed of Alter.
Alter Real Horse
Origins
This breed began as carriage horses in Lisbon, and their bloodlines have a heavyAndalusian influence. During Napoleonic invasions Arabian, English Thoroughbred, Norman and Hanoverian blood was introduced, unfortunately the resulting animals were of poorer quality than the original stock.
A later attempt to improve the breed with Arabian blood also failed. It took an influx of Andalusian blood to refine and improve the bloodlines again.
At the start of th 20th century the Alter Real faced extinction when Portugal renounced its monarchy. At that time the government discontinued the breeding programs and gelded the stallions.
A few were saved and bred personally by Dr. Ruy d’Andrade and in 1942 a small, thriving herd was handed back over to the Ministry of Agriculture for safekeeping.

Features

Average height 15.1 – 16.1 hands
Strong and powerfully built
Impressive high-stepping action

Physique

Head is refined
Short, strong neck
Broad, muscular back
Long pasterns and strong hocks

Traditional Colors

Temperament

Intelligent and quick to learn
A beautifully elegant, high energy animal
Alter Real Horse
Use
Show horse
Performance horse
Pleasure animal
Carriage horse

Video




Altai


Altai Horse

Intro

One of most ancient breeds of Siberia, the Altai has been raised for centuries and has always been indispensable to the nomads and tribesmen of the area.
Altai Horse

Origins

This breed takes it’s name from the Altai mountains in Southern Siberia and like many breeds in unforgiving climates, they are built solid and surefooted. These animals have always been relied on to carry people and other precious cargo over mountainous terrain and through fast moving rivers.
Early in the 20th century different bloodlines were introduced to the altai stock, which resulted in larger animals with more capacity for work.
Through the years there has been a constant introduction of new blood into the Altai bloodlines, however a portion of the breed is always bred pure to maintain their ancient gene pool.
In fact, there are still small bands of aboriginal horses in some regions of the Upper Altai and their physical charactoristcs retain many of the qualities of their ancestors.

Features

Average height 13.2 – 13.3 hands
Perform well under adverse conditions
Surefooted and tough
Hardy and undemanding animals

Physique

Large, coarse head with small eyes
Short, fleshy neck and
long, dipped back
Legs are short and well-set
Feet and strong and sound

Traditional Colors

black | chestnut | grey | bay
Leopard pattern is rare

Temperament

Stable & sensible animals
Strong & true
Hard workers
Easy to care for
Altai Horse

Use

Trekking animals
Beasts of burden
Riding horses
Meat

Video

Albanian Horse

Albanian Horse
Intro
There are two types of horses native to Albania, mountain horses (Mountain) and horses of the plains (Myzequea). The interbreeding between the two has blurred lines of distinction.
Albanian Horse

Origins

Blood lines probably come from a combination of Tarpan, Turkmenian and Mongolian animals, which later saw an infusion of Arabian blood during the Ottoman Empire.
Bred as animals of transport, the Albanian horse was reinvented in the 1990′s when an attempt was made to make the stock better suited for agricultural work. The result was a boom in numbers and an overall improvement in the versatility of the breed itself.

Features

Average height
Mountain 12.2 – 12.3 hands
Myzeqea 13 – 14.1 hands
Exceptionally strong for their size

Physique

Small and sturdy

Traditional Colors

black | chestnut | grey | bay

Temperament

High energy & endurance
Possess incredible agility and balance
Albanian Horse

Use

General riding
Transportation
Cart horse

Video




Akhal-Teke


Akhal-Teke Horse

Intro

Known for their greyhound-like appearance and coats that often gleam with a metallic shimmer, the Akhal-Teke horse is one of the easiest breeds to recognize, built for speed in hot weather. (And interestingly enough, their metallic glimmer is not due to the champagne dilution gene which doesn’t run in the breed).
Akhal-Teke Horse

Origins

Descendant of the ancient Scythian type horse. The Teke were bred by a nomadic people, and prized animals were fast and hardy as war and raiding mounts.
The Akhal-Teke horses are named by the Teke tribe of the Akhal oasis. Isolation and a strong sense of tradition kept the bloodlines relatively pure. These horses became a measure of wealth so they were well cared for and considered like family.
When Russia took control of central Asia, many of these prized animals were slaughtered to the dismay of the Teke people. Many horse owners turned their horses loose in the hopes for their survival.

Features

Average height 14.2 – 16 hands
Strong natural & soft gaits
Built for stamina and speed
Surefooted and strong

Physique

Head is long and light
Large, expressive eyes
Long slender neck with short, fine mane
Narrow in the chest with a long back
Legs are slender and long

Traditional Colors

All colors, but pale golden is the preferred color

Temperament

Spirited with high energy
Highly sensitive
Bold & brave
Bright & able
Akhal-Teke Horse

Use

General riding horse
Race horse
Eventing and show horse

Helpful Links

Where to Buy

Akhal-Teke Studs

Video

Aegidienberger

Aegidienberger Horse

Intro

A cross between the elegant Peruvian Paso and the pure blood of the hardy Icelandic horse, combined to create a larger gaited animal well suited to colder climates.
Aegidienberger Horse

Origins

The first cross was bred by Walter Feldman and the result was officially recognized as a breed in 1994. The Aegidienberger is just a baby in terms of horse breeds.

Features

Average height above 13 hands
Tremendous endurance
62.5% Icelandic
37.5% Paso

Physique

Short muscular upright neck
Proud head carriage
Tail is high set and very thick as is the mane

Traditional Colors

All colors

Temperament

Willing and amiable
Sturdy and strong relative to their size
Strong character and bold personality
Aegidienberger Horse

Use

Pleasure mount
Agriculture

Video



Oromo

Oromo Horse

Intro

The bloodlines of this breed have been diluted with many other breeds, so the animals come in a variety of different shapes and colors.
Oromo Horse

Origins

One of the oldest recorded breeds, the Oromo (also called the Abyssinian) bloodlines come from Ethiopia and later spread along the coast of the red sea.

Features

Average height 13 -14 hands
Bred for strength and agility as mountain pack and work horses

Physique

There is a great deal of variation in the color, size and confirmation of this breed
Coat is short and coarse, often with rosettes which they have been bred specifically to keep

Traditional Colors

All colors

Temperament

Strong and willing, these are hot weather animals bred as workhorses
Abyssinian Horse

Use

Work horses
Pleasure horse
Show horse

Abtenauer

Abtenauer Horse
Intro
One of the many endangered draft breeds, the Abtenauer is the smallest variation of the Noriker horse and their population numbers are very low.
Abtenauer Horse

Origins

This breed is smaller in stature for a draft breed, but incredibly strong for their size.
The Abtenauer is beautifully built and known for their easy flowing trot and a sweet disposition.
Bred in the isolated valley of Abtenau, mares and their progeny spend summers roaming alpine meadows. Sometimes the foals are born with a very curly coat which they shed when they loose their baby hair.

Features

Average height 14.3 – 15 hands
Elegantly built draft horse
Low center of gravity gives them amazing balance

Physique

Strong, well shaped head
Strong, sound legs

Traditional Colors

black | chestnut | roan
leopard spotting is not desirable

Temperament

Quiet and willing disposition
Pros:
Agile with an amazing sense of balance
Cons:
Can’t find any

Use

Agriculture work
Pleasure horse

Abstang

Intro

Considering the inherent toughness of both the Mustang and the Arabian, it’s surprising that this mix is so new. The breed is a cross that combines two of the oldest and hardiest breeds on the planet.

Origins

Early in the 1990′s Michele Brown of Utah experimented by crossing an unrefined Mustang with an Arabian. Her idea was that the cross would be interesting & the result is a highly spirited animal with a willingness to please, providing you have their trust.
This ‘breed’ was called Abstang, and a registry was established in 1993 to obtain acknowledgement for the new breed. It turned out that the animals had the incredible endurance of the Arabian and fearlessness of the Mustang, who by the way, also has great endurance capability.
Approximately 1500 horses are registered to present. To date, no Abstang to Abstang crosses have been documented.

Features

Generally smaller in size & stature
Very sure footed & hardy

Physique

Because this breed mixes two bloodlines (one of which can be very fuzzy indeed), physical confirmation & characteristics will vary considerably.
Favorable confirmation includes a straight profile & rounded croup of the mustang.

Traditional Colors

All colors

Temperament

Fearless & true
Spirited & tough

Use

Make great endurance horses
Show horses
Pleasure horses

Helpful Links

*All links open in a new window

Where To Buy

Abaco Barb

Abaco Barb Horses

Intro

For as long as anyone can remember there has been a herd of horses on the island of Abaco in the Bahamas. In 1998 their distinct features created some interest into the unknown origin of their roots.
Abaco Barb Horses
Origins
Their ancestors are thought to have come from the ships of Spanish explorers in the late fifteenth or early sixteenth centuries. Due to their extreme geographical isolation their bloodlines have remained relatively pure.
In 2002, the herd was accepted by the Horse of Americas Registry as the Abaco Barbs, horses of Spanish Barb ancestry proven through DNA testing.
The purity of their blood created a renewed interest in the preservation of the Barbs on Abaco Island, however the recent conservation efforts have been touch and go.
This herd is still on the critically endangered list and they are quite literally the most endangered equine on the planet.

Features

Average height 13.2 – 14.2 hands
Prominent Barb features
Sturdy and strong

Physique

Large, rangy head with broad forehead convex nose
Body is short and stocky
Tail is low set and luxurious as is the mane

Traditional Colors

black | bay | pinto | roan

Temperament

These are wild animals who have fought with humans for their survival for hundreds of years.
Abaco Barb Horses
Use
Wild animals

Helpful Links

*All links open in a new window
Abaco Wild Horse Fund
Info Horse

Video

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