The Zweibrücker or Zweibrücken Horse are bred in state owned stud facilities in Zweibrücken, Germany and is one of the smaller state run facilities.
The stud was founded in the mid 18th century and populated with animals of noble bearing. These animals were carefully crossed and further improved upon until 1801 when the farm was moved. Interestingly enough Napoleon saw several Zweibrücken animals and was so impressed that he ensured the stud was re-established in 1806. Breeding stock came from local German farms as well as the influence of Spanish animals, Anglo-Normans, Thoroughbreds & Arabians.
During the first half of the 20th century a need arose for a heavier type for agriculture and military purposes. This demand changed breeding practices and introduced the blood of heavier warmbloods like the Oldenburger. As with many studs the late 20th century moved away from heavy draft types and towards more refined sport horses. Trakehner stallions replaced the draft breeds and laterHanoverian & Holsteiner stock was used.
Average height 16 – 17 hands
Head is noble & expressive Neck is medium in length and high set Back is long and muscular Shoulder is long & sloping Legs are dry with large joints Hooves are well proportioned & hard
The Zaniskari Pony comes from in the Ladakh region of Jammu & Kashmir State in northern India. Unfortunately there have been no official breeding practices in place, so interbreeding with local animals has caused pureblooded animals to be rare.
Average height 13 – 14 hands
Head has broad forehead Back is strong Body is compact
Zeeland horses are an old Dutch Breed that was influential in the development of theBelgian & Dutch draft animals. I couldn’t find anything else about this breed, so I hope anyone who knows about them will speak up!
The Zamituka, Zemaituka, Zemaichu, Zhmudk or Zhmud horse comes from Lithuania and they are a forest type that is part of the Konik family.
These animals have been bred in the area since the 16th century and used by local people for farming & transportation. Throughout the years they have been influenced by various other exotic types and more recently in the 19th century Arabian stock was added. By the start of the 20th century there were two distinct types within the breed, one lighter and more refined (though fewer in numbers) and a heavier animal without the Arabian refinement.
Average height 13.2 – 14.3 hands
Head is handsome with a straight or somewhat dished profile Neck is well developed & muscular Back is flat & solid Legs are clean
The Zangersheide comes from the studfarm in Zangersheide, Belgium and was established in the early 1970′s to breed quality showjumping horses. By 1992 a studbook was created specifically for animals with natural jumping ability.
Being relatively recent, this breed was developed using the latest scientific skill and selective breeding.