17 Jul 2011

Paint / Pinto White Pattern

Paint Horse
Paints and Pintos look exactly the same, their difference is all in their bloodlines. In the simplest of terms, all paints are pintos, but not all pintos are paints.
Paint - Is a color breed & must have Thoroughbred or Quarter Horse in it’s bloodlines.
Pinto - Can be any breed, pinto is simply a collection of white patterns.

Spotted Terminology

Terminology changes from region to region, however there are some fairly universal standards when it comes to white patterned horses.
Piebald Horse
A Paint or Pinto with black base and white spots.
Skewbald Horse
A Paint or Pinto with chestnut or bay base and white spots.

Types of Pinto

Pinto white patterns have an affect on any basemodified or diluted and come in perhaps the widest variety of colors & patterns. Here are examples of the different pinto patterns.
Frame Pinto Horse
  • Overo pattern
  • Named because there is a frame of color surrounding the white spots
  • Dark legs and head with white markings
  • Often one or both eyes are blue
  • White on body rarely crosses topline
  • Jagged spots with horozontal arrangement
  • Typically have pigmented upper lip
  • Caused by dominant gene
  • Some have almost no body white at all but blue eyes
  • Gene in homozygous form is lethal and produces foals with Overo Lethal White Syndrome
  • Tests can be taken to determine gene
Sabino Pinto Horse
Image from Storye_book
  • Name comes from Northern Europe
  • In Spanish Sabino means pale red or red roan
  • In South America Sabino specifically means flea bitten grey
  • Overo spotting pattern
  • Occurs in almost all breeds
  • Charactoristic white markings on face
  • Often display white on lower lip or chin
  • May have one blue eye, rarely two
  • At least one white leg
Sabino Pinto Horse
Image from Just Chaos
  • Can be totally white when fully expressed with speckled color around ears, base of tail, chest and flanks
  • May have white patches on knees
  • May roan
  • Can have body spotting generally on belly area
  • Spots may enlarge with age
  • May just display pigmented skin showing through white hair
Splashed White
Splashed White Pinto Horse
  • Often mistaken for Frame or Sabino
  • Overo spotting pattern
  • Facial markings are generally on bottom of face
  • At least on crisp white leg, commonly a hind leg
  • Generally spot on belly
  • Body spots are distinct white splashes in a horozontal pattern
  • Head often all white
  • Blue eyes common
Tobiano Pinto Horse
  • Most well known and easy to identify
  • Created by a dominant gene
  • White legs
  • Solid colored heads
  • Rarely are eyes blue
  • White spots round with clean edges arranged in vertical pattern, usually on topline bewteen ears and tail
Tobiano Pinto Tail
  • Tail can be two colors with color at the bottom and white on top
  • Can have small spots of color on body called: ink spotspaw prints, or cat tracks
  • Pigmented skin can extend past white spots giving them a distinct fade
  • This pigmentation is called: shadow paintsghost paintsribbon paints or halo paints
  • Ermine spots or distal leg spots spots of color on the white legs above the ankle
  • Can have color around chestnuts of a white leg
  • Can be a solid color with no body spots
Tovero Pinto Horse
Image from Ride a Draft
  • A combination of tobiano and overo characteristics and genetics
  • Hard to categorize expression of this white pattern because it is different from animal to animal
  • Markings are isolated on a white field
  • One or both eyes are generally blue
  • Often display spots on their muzzle
Tobiano Pinto Medicine Hat
Image from Just Chaos
  • White bodies with colored heads often called moroccan pattern or ‘medicine hats
  • North Americans call ‘medicine hat‘ when only the ears and top of the head have color
  • Spots found on chest, neck, flank and base of tail in varying sizes
  • Spots on or around the ears which can expand to cover forehead and eyes
Dominant White
Dominant White Horse
Image from Countercanter
  • A family of sabino spotting patterns
  • Dominantly inherited genes similar to human piebaldism
  • Are often all white and considered “true whites”

Mixed Patterns

Animals can carry more than one white pattern in their genetics, contributing to the variety of white patterns.

1 comment:

  1. Anonymous5/05/2015

    I have a really beautiful pinto horse jumper named Othello :)