In the world of equines it is understood that there are a wide variety of horse breeds, however within the horse world (and even some breeds) there are a number of types.
A Complete List
Although all of the types listed below are not necessarily officially recognized, and some of them overlap. However they are used within the various industries in the horse world & are a different way of categorizing breeds.
In the coming weeks I’ll be exploring each type more in depth and providing examples as well as a list of breeds that fall under each one.
*Thanks to my social media friends I’ll be adding to this list as people alert me to types I’m missing. I’ll add them and provide information for each new member once I’ve gotten a more complete list.
Baroque animals tend to be handsome and showy, often with high action and arched necks. Almost all animals considered Baroque in type come from Iberian bloodlines and breeds include Andalusian, Lipizzan, Lusitano & Friesians.
Draft or Coldblooded Horses
Coldblooded animals are larger, draft breeds who possess immense strength and robust size. Draft animals come from ancient European breeds used for agriculture & war mounts and include Clydesdale, Percheron, Belgian Draft & Ardennes.
The term Hotblooded does not have anything to do with temperament, it is descriptive of smaller, leaner animals with thin coats. These breeds often come from the desert and include Akhal-Teke, Arabian, Barb & Thoroughbreds.
Miniature horses are pony size in stature but retain horse-like characteristics, making them literally miniature horses. In many cases mini’s are man made breeds, like the American Miniature however there are a few naturally occurring small animals with horse features including the Caspian & Falabella.
Ponies are all small in stature and tend to have rounded bodies, relatively short legs, specialized joints & molars (that’s just a few characteristics). The confirmation of ponies will vary considerably as there are a wide variety of pony breeds including the Anadolu Pony, Connemara Pony, Java Pony & Padang Pony.
Stock Ponies serve much the same purpose as Stock Horses but for smaller cattle and a wider variety of work tasks. Built in a similar manner, these breeds are squat, stocky & built to work. Stock pony breeds include the Quarter Pony, Dulmen Pony, Galiceno & Lac la Croix Ponies.
Most harness racing is run by trotters who are built long & lean and can trot at high speeds. These tend to be rangy, robust animals and there are are both warm & cold blooded trotting breeds including Dole, Italian Trotter, Russian Trotter & Orlov Trotters.
Warmblood horses are in many cases saddle or riding horses whose development changed as equestrian sporting grew in popularity. These animals tend to be robust, athletic and mild mannered – often registered based on movement, temperament & ability. Warmblood breeds include the Dutch Warmblood,Holsteiner, Hanoverian and Belgian Warmblood Horses.
Are There More?
This is the longest list of horse types I could find, but if anyone has a type to add I’d love to hear it. Stay tuned to learn more about each type in more detail in the weeks to come, until then why not check out the Breeds section to learn more about all of them?